Nursing homes are fast becoming a common choice to provide the elderly with readily available healthcare and assisted-living services. But there may be hidden costs that the uninitiated may not be familiar with.
It is expected that between 2016 and 2030, Singapore’s population aged 65 years and over will increase from about 12% to about 20% by 2030. Population ageing is driven by a combination of an increase in life expectancy and a rapid decline in the fertility rate. With Singapore’s ageing population on the rise, nursing homes have fast become a popular choice for providing seniors with readily available healthcare and assisted-living services. As caregivers, deciding to send our loved ones to a nursing home is not an easy or small decision to make. Indeed, there are many considerations that we may want to take into account before making our choice. Chief among these concerns are our financial situation and whether we can afford the costs of a nursing home.
Here at Homage, we understand the anxiety that you may face in making such an important decision. We’ve thus prepared a handy guide for you to understand the hidden costs of nursing homes. Read on to find out more about the type of care nursing homes provide, how much nursing homes cost in Singapore, their hidden costs, and the different types of nursing homes in Singapore.
What is a Nursing Home?
Nursing homes are facilities that provide long-term residential care and help to individuals who need assistance with most of their daily activities or have daily nursing needs. Nursing homes are an avenue for providing reliable and high-quality care for our loved ones, when our home environments are not conducive to their nursing needs, or when we lack the capacity to do so adequately ourselves. Depending on each family’s specific needs and concerns, residents could either stay in a nursing home permanently, or temporarily in order for their nursing needs to be adequately satisfied.
Nursing homes are suitable for satisfying general healthcare needs that a resident may have. There are also specialised nursing homes with dedicated dementia and psychiatric facilities that cater to residents who need specific care and support.
You can also tap on nursing homes for respite care if you require short-term care options for several days to a few weeks for your loved ones. This may include situations such as when your Foreign Domestic Worker (FDW) returns home for vacation, or for optimal recovery of a loved one’s temporary injury.
Nursing homes can also provide night respite care for loved ones who exhibit sundowning behaviour, or a state of confusion that starts in the late afternoon and spans into the night.
What Type of Care is Provided at Nursing Homes?
Nursing homes in Singapore provide several types of care to residents.
They include the following services:
Help with Activities of Daily Living
Daily acts of living include using the toilet, showering, eating, or strolling.
Dementia and Psychiatric Facilities
Programmes and activities designed for cognitive stimulation are organised to help slow down the deterioration of mental faculties of residents.
Night respite is an overnight respite option for caregivers of those who live with dementia and exhibit sundowning behaviour. This allows caregivers some time-off from night-time caregiving duties and provides relief to them.
This includes the management of wound care, nasogastric tubes, urine catheters and other medical needs of residents.
Physical and Social Activities
This includes the organisation of group exercises, outings, games and other activities to provide residents with physical and social stimulation for healthy living alongside each other.
Our Care Professionals are equipped with the right skills to handle complex medical conditions and are trained to manage and regulate different emotions faced by your loved one. On top of providing meaningful companionship, our Care Professionals are able to help you with the following:
- Activities of daily living (Feeding, transferring, toileting, etc)
- Companionship and personalised care
- Nursing care including wound care, catheter or feeding tube care
- Medical escort services for routine check-ups
- Therapy (Physiotherapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy)
For more information, schedule a free consultation with the Homage Care Advisory Team.
How Much Do Nursing Homes in Singapore Cost?
For the uninitiated, the cost of accommodation in a nursing home could seem deceptively low. After all, you’re just paying for a room, lodging, and medical care; surely that shouldn’t cost too much right?
Accommodation in a nursing home, however, just isn’t the same as simply renting a room or paying for a hotel stay.
Generally, the basic cost of nursing homes in Singapore can range from $S2000 to $3600 a month depending on the level of care required. This is before government subsidies which can range from 10% to 75%. That’s already comparable to rent for an entire apartment in Singapore!
Hidden Costs to Consider
Beyond general cost, however, there are often other hidden costs that may catch the uninitiated unaware. Factors that determine such hidden costs can include:
Number of People per Bedroom
Depending on the level of privacy that your loved one wants or needs, you may consider getting a bedroom with fewer people. You may also feel that a smaller number of people per bedroom may allow for a higher level of dedicated care or a higher staff-to-resident ratio. Depending on your preferences, this could lead to a higher cost than usual as you may have to opt for a more premium accommodation choice to satisfy your preferences.
Do take this into account as you make your decision.
Level of Care Required
If your loved one requires dedicated care services, like wound care management, there may be extra costs incurred if additional care news to be provided outside of standard work hours. If your loved one has specialised care needs that require expert care services, that could also incur additional costs as well.
Amenities and Consumables
The facilities and amenities made available for residents to enjoy will also incur additional costs, these could include the costs of companionship, residential, social and physical programmes. The needs of your loved one for consumables such as wound dressing may also be charged separately and result in additional costs.
Special or Emergency Needs
Special or emergency needs can also result in additional costs. These can include the cost of ambulance rides in the event of an injury such as a fall, or the extra cost of medical equipment and resources for medical emergencies that occur.
One-Time Refundable Deposit
There may also be a one-time refundable deposit that you may find yourself having to fork out in securing nursing home accommodation for your loved one. While it is refundable, It can still be a significant sum to pay upfront and should be considered carefully as well.
Securing accommodation in a nursing home for your loved one can sometimes be a lengthy process due to processing, paperwork and approval seeking even when you find a suitable nursing home. You may find that administrative charges could be levied that add up significantly over time.
Different Types of Nursing Homes in Singapore
Generally, there are two types of nursing homes in Singapore: Private Nursing Homes and Voluntary Welfare Organisations (VWO) nursing homes.
As their names suggest, private nursing homes are run by accredited private companies on a profit model, while VWO nursing homes are run by non-profit organisations. The average cost of private nursing homes may thus be costlier than that of VWO nursing homes.
Private and VWO nursing homes can be further differentiated according to whether they receive subsidies from the Ministry of Health (MOH).
Private Nursing Homes Which Are Under MOH Portable Subsidy Scheme
Private nursing homes participating in the MOH portable subsidy scheme set aside a certain proportion of beds for patients who are eligible for MOH subsidies and are referred by the Agency for Integrated Care (AIC). If your loved one is admitted to an accredited private nursing home and meets the mean test criteria, they may thus have MOH subsidies extended to them. This expands private sector participation in the provision of MOH-subsidised care and allows more nursing home options for caregivers and their loved ones.
Private Nursing Homes Which Are Not Under the MOH Portable Subsidy Scheme
Private nursing homes which are not under the MOH portable subsidy scheme cater to full-paying patients, with no government subsidies available to them.
VWO Nursing Homes Receiving MOH Subsidies
If your loved one meets the means testing criteria, they can be referred by AIC to VWO nursing homes which receive MOH subsidies. If you and your loved one require further financial and social assistance, the VWO running the nursing home may also offer additional support.
VWO Nursing Homes That Do Not Receive MOH Subsidies
Some VWO nursing homes are able to raise enough funds through their own fundraising efforts and thus do not receive MOH subsidies. If your loved one is admitted to such a VWO nursing home, they will not receive MOH subsidies. The VWOs operating such nursing homes are, however, able to provide necessary financial and social assistance to those who may lack the means to afford the nursing home fees.
Subsidies and Grants Available – Nursing Homes vs. Home Care
Given the relatively significant costs of nursing home accommodation and care, you may want to consider alternatives such as home care. To help you make an informed decision, here are some subsidies and grants available for both nursing homes and home care that you may wish to consider.
Subsidies and Grants for Nursing Homes
Government subsidies for nursing homes in Singapore are covered by the subsidy scheme for Government-Funded Intermediate Long-Term Care (ILTC) Services.
Under the scheme, subsidies for patients in ILTC residential services, which includes nursing homes, can be found in the following table:
|Household Per Capita Monthly Income||Subsidy Rate|
|Singapore Citizens||Permanent Residents|
|$800 and below||75%||50%|
|$801 to $1200||60%||40%|
|$1201 to $1900||50%||30%|
|$1901 to $2000||40%||20%|
|$2001 to $2800||20%||10%|
|$2801 and above||0%||0%|
Do note that patients with no income will enjoy a full subsidy rate—75% for Singapore Citizens and 50% for Permanent Residents—unless they live in a property with Annual Value exceeding $13000. Such patients will instead receive a subsidy at 20% for Singapore Citizens and 10% for Permanent Residents.
Who is Eligible?
To be eligible for the nursing home subsidy, you must be:
- A Singapore Citizen or Permanent Resident
- Meet admission criteria
- Already be receiving care from a MOH-funded service provider
Subsidies and Grants for Home Care
Subsidies and Grants for home care come in different forms. Here are some of them.
Enhancement for Active Seniors (EASE)
Introduced in 2012 by the Housing and Development Board, the EASE programme subsidises home modifications so that older residents can live at ease in their own homes, making home care easier.
Under the scheme, you can install in your home:
- Slip-resistant treatment to floor tiles in up to 2 bathrooms or toilets
- Grab bars in the flat—8 or 10 grab bars for the first toilet, and 6 grab bars for the second toilet
- Up to five ramps in the flat, and/or at the main entrance – if possible
Who is Eligible?
To be eligible for EASE, you must be either:
- A Singaporean flat owner living with a family member who is 65 years and older.
- A Singaporean flat owner with at least one household member aged between 60 and 64 who needs help with one or more Activities of Daily Living such as washing, dressing, feeding, toileting, mobility, or transferring.
Caregivers Training Grant
The Caregivers Training Grant is a $250 or $400 annual subsidy that allows caregivers to attend approved courses to learn to provide better care for their loved ones. The $200 subsidy is provided for each care recipient every financial year, from April to March. Multiple caregivers of the same care recipient need to share the amount disbursed. Courses could be conducted in your home, or in a classroom at a training centre. You can also use a computer or other electronic devices to learn, by watching videos and reading training materials.
Foreign Domestic Worker (FDW) Levy Concession for Aged Persons and Persons with Disabilities
The FDW Levy Concession supports households who need to hire a FDW to care for seniors or persons with disabilities. A lower concessionary FDW levy of only $60 a month is required for eligible households.
Who is Eligible?
You are eligible for the FDW levy in the following circumstances.
If the care recipient is Singapore Citizen (SC):
- The care recipient, FDW employer and FDW must reside in the same address; and
- The care recipient must always require some assistance with at least 1 ADL or is at least 67 years old*
*Seniors who meet the age, citizenship, and residential eligibility criteria do not need to apply for FDW Levy Concession as MOM will process the levy concession automatically with the FDW application.
If the care recipient is a Singapore Permanent Resident (PR):
- The care recipient is at least 67 years old, and is the parent, parent-in-law, grandparent, or grandparent-in-law of the FDW employer;
- The FDW employer or FDW employer’s spouse must be SC; and
- The care recipient, FDW employer and FDW must reside at the same address
You can find out more about subsidies and grants available to caregivers here.
It is natural for some of us to find the costs of nursing homes to be prohibitive given how significant and hidden some of them can be.
You may then want to consider home care solutions as an alternative to nursing homes. Homage offers such home care services at affordable prices on demand, without a need to commit upfront to high costs. Homage home care services include:
- Daily Living Care from $21/hour
- Nursing Care from $24/hour
- Home Therapy from $180/hour
Hopefully, with this guide, you’re more ready to make an informed decision about your loved ones’ care needs. If you need further tailored support in choosing a nursing home for your loved one or you would like to explore home care solutions as an alternative, our Care Advisors are here to help.
Fill up the form below for a free consultation with our Care Advisory team.
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- MOH | Subsidies for Government-funded Intermediate Long-Term Care Services. Moh.gov.sg. [Webpage] Retrieved 29 August 2021, from
- Introduction to Enhancement for Active Seniors (EASE). [Webpage] Retrieved 29 August 2021, from https://www.aic.sg/financial-assistance/enhancement-active-seniors.
- Introduction To Caregivers Training Grant (CTG). (2021). [Webpage] Retrieved 29 August 2021, from https://www.aic.sg/financial-assistance/caregivers-training-grant.
- MOH | Caregiver Grants & Subsidies. Moh.gov.sg. [Webpage] Retrieved 14 September 2021, from https://www.moh.gov.sg/cost-financing/healthcare-schemes-subsidies/caregiver-grants-subsidies.