Dementia is a brain disorder and isn’t a normal part of ageing.

It is caused when brain cells die more quickly than in normal ageing. Over time, people with dementia experience a loss of memory and other mental abilities. It can be severe enough to interfere with daily life. There are 10 types of dementia:


  1. It all starts with A. Alzheimer’s Disease is most common form of dementia, where it causes the death of  brain cells
  2. Vascular Dementia affects decision-making and ability to organize things
  3. Dementia with Lewy Bodies causes memory loss and disorientation, trembling hands and walking difficulty
  4. Mixed Dementia’s most common combination is Vascular and Alzheimer’s
  5. Parkinson’s Disease Dementia affects movement and memory
  6. Frontotemporal Dementia causes a loss of inhibition, repetitive and socially inappropriate behaviour
  7. Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease’s main symptoms are mental deterioration and involuntary muscle spasms
  8. Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is caused by excess fluid and pressure on the brain
  9. Huntington’s Disease is a genetic condition which causes impulse control problems, issues with speech and focusing
  10. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is caused by a lack of vitamin B1 and causes double vision and loss of muscle coordination
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